Depression is a psychological state that can drain individuals emotionally, cognitively, and physically. It is problematic compared to a persistent sadness and individuals often suffer for years with Clinical Depression, thinking that this is just sadness. Depression can impact every facet of life and it is important that people detect it early. Cognitively, you may be forgetful, have difficulty concentrating, or you may notice that your thinking has slowed down. Emotionally, individuals may feel sadness, guilt, indifference, and hopelessness. Physically, people report feeling fatigued and achy or in pain. Socially, people often feel isolated and alone. Depression affects everyone a bit differently and other common symptoms include:
- Lack of energy and motivation
- Insomnia or excessive sleep
- Frequent thoughts about death or dying
- Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
- Lack of interest in activities that were once pleasurable
- Difficulty concentrating
- Eating changes
- Sleeping Changes
Types of Depression
There are many types of depression, each type differing in severity, duration, or situation. All of them have the potential to be debilitating and can impair social and occupational functioning.
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT): CBT has been shown to be an especially effective treatment for Depression. Researchers reviewed a large number of studies on the effects of CBT on individuals with Depression and found that compared to other therapies, CBT was most effective in the long-term. After 1-2 years, CBT clients reported lower rates of developing Depression again. Other research has shown that CBT can perform as well or better than other therapies, such as relaxation treatments, when it comes to treating Depression. CBT has also been shown to be effective at treating Postpartum Depression and Dysthymia.
- Mindfulness Therapy (MT): MT is a treatment that has been proven effective at treating different types of Depression. Research has shown that MT is an effective treatment for MDD; specifically for reducing the chances of future episodes of MDD. Meditation therapy, which is linked to MT, has been shown to effectively treat people with Dysthymia. Preliminary research has shown promising evidence that MT can reduce the symptoms of Postpartum Depression, as well as pregnancy-related stress which can lead to Postpartum Depression.
- Interpersonal Process Therapy (IPT): IPT is another effective treatment for Depressive disorders. It is a short-term, structured treatment with an emphasis on the present. While CBT is effective for Dysthymia, a large review of studies found that interpersonal therapy may be slightly more effective. IPT is also a proven treatment for Postpartum Depression. Researchers reviewed many studies with positive results, and suggested that IPT should be a first-line treatment for the disorder. Strengths of IPT include the inclusion of biological and psychosocial factors, as well as the emotional, cognitive, neurological, and behavioral components. Clients in IPT also do well in couples or group settings.
- Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT): If one person in a relationship has Depression, it can negatively affect the relationship. In particular, Postpartum Depression can have a negative impact on the partners’ relationships, maternal-infant interactions, and children’s social and cognitive development. Research has shown that EFT for couples can reduce depressive symptoms while improving relationship satisfaction. The positive results of EFT for couples facing Depression have been shown to last at 6-month follow-up period.
Depression may leave you feeling hopeless. At Hopewell Psychological, we offer a variety of treatment options so that you can find the one that works best for you. We understand that every person is different, and that your particular symptoms may be diverse from other people who are also experiencing Depression. Moreover, we also know that multiple mental health disorders are often present at the same time. Thus, we are prepared to create a customized plan to address all of your symptoms and concerns. Hopewell Psychological offers treatments that are supported in the research and we offer a range of therapy services are available to meet all your needs – individual, couple, family, and group therapies.
*Psychologists are covered under Insurance Companies in Canada. You will need to check with your insurance company about the specific details regarding your coverage.
 American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5. Washington, D. C.: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013. Print.
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